New Currents, Ancient Rivers: Contemporary African Artists in a Generation of Change by Jean Kennedy
ILLUSTRATIONS 7
FOREWORD 10
INTRODUCTORY NOTE 11
PREFACE 12
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 14
INTRODUCTION 15

I Defining the Spirit 19

1. SOURCES FOR SYNTHESIS 21

2. IMAGE AND METAPHOR 23

II Responding to the Challenge 27

3. BRIDGES: PREDECESSORS IN NIGERIA 29
Ovia Idah, Yemi Bisiri, Ben Enwonwu, Tayo Aiyegbusi, Lamidi Fakeye, Yusuf Grillo, Solomon Irein Wangboje

4. CREATING A TRADITION: VANGUARD SCULPTORS, PRINTMAKERS, AND PAINTERS OF NIGERIA 38
Festus Idehen, Ben Osawe, Erhabor Ogieva Emokpae [sample], Agboola Folarin, Uzo Egonu, Bruce Onobrakpeya, Simon Okeke, C. Uche Okeke, Obiora Udechukwu, Chike Aniakor, Colette Omogbai, Sokari Douglas Camp, Jimo Akolo, Demas Nwoko, Musa Yola, Akan Edet Anamukot, Sunday Jack Akpan

5. ARTISTS OF THE SHRINES: OSHOGBO 58
Susanne Wenger, Adebisi Akanji, Buraimoh Gbadamosi, Saka, Asiru Olatunde

6. THE SPONTANEOUS SPIRIT: OSHOGBO AND IFE 67
Ulli Beier, Duro Ladipo, Georgina Beier [sample], Jacob Afolabi, Rufus Ogundele, Adebisi Fabunmi, Muraina Oyelami [sample], Jimoh Buraimoh, Twins Seven-Seven (Taiwo Olaniyi Salau) [sample], Nike Davies Samuel Ojo Omonaiye, Ademola Onibonkuta, Tijani Mayakiri, Yekini Atanda, Senabu Oloyede, Kikelomo Oladepo, Isaac Ojo Fajana, Yinka Adeyemi, Sangodare, Jinadu Oladepo, Gift Orakpo, Middle Art (August Okoye)

7. NEW DYNAMICS: THE WEST AFRICAN COAST 87
El Loko, Togo; Oku Ampofo, Kofi Antubam, Vincent Akwete Kofi, Nii Ahene-La Mettle-Nunoo, and El Anatsui, Ghana; Christian Lattier, Ivory Coast; Omar Al Shabu, Liberia; Momodou Ceesay, Gambia

III Crescent in the Hand 95

8. ARTISTS OF THE IMAGE AND LOOM: SENEGAL 97
Ousmane Sembene, Mbor Faye, Alpha W. Diallo, Mafaly Sene, lba Ndaiye, Papa lbra Tall, Souleye Keita, Bacary Dieme, Ansoumana Diedhiou, Boubacar Coulibaly, Abdoulaye Ndaiye, lbou Diouf, Amadou Dede Ly, Cherif Thiam, Maodo Niang, Amadou Seck, Badara Camara, Samba Balde, Daouda Diouck, Ousmane Faye, mohamadou Mbaye, Amadou Ba, Boubacar Goudiaby, Bocar Diong, Diatta Seck, Amadou Wade Sarr, Mamadou Gaye

9. DESERT LIGHT: SUDAN 108
Ahmed Mohammed Shibrain, Ibrahim El Salahi, Amir I. M. Nour, Shaigi Rahim, Kamala Ibrahim Ishaq, Mohammad Omer Khalil, Musa Khalifa, Mohamed Omer Bushara, Salih Abdou Mashamoun, Mohammed Ahmed Abdulla

IV Wax and Gold- Ethiopia 123

10. FROM A LEGACY OF SIGN AND SYMBOL 125
Haile Gerima, Gebre Kristos Desta, Skunder Boghossian [sample], Abdel-Rahmam M. Sheriff, Theodros Tsige Markos, Zerihun Yetemgeta, Endale Haile Selassie, Acha Debela, Tesfaye Tessema, Wosene Kosrof, Falaka Armide, Seleshi Feseha, Alemayehou Gabremedhin, Elisabeth Atnafu

V Creators of Myth 141

11. BETWEEN THE NATURAL AND SUPERNATURAL 143
Gregory Maloba, Kenya; Sam Ntiro, Elimo Njau, Tanzania; Louis Mwaniki, Kenya; Athumani Omari Mwariko, Tanzania; Samwel Wanjau, Kenya; Francis X. Nnaggenda, Uganda; Hezbon Owiti, Kenya; Kiure Msangi, Tanzania; Valente Malangatana Ngwenya, Mozambique; Liyolo Limbe M'Puanga, lbanche Djilatendo, Zaire; Clement-Marie Biazin, Central African Republic

12. SKY AND LAND IN ZIMBABWE 155
Thomas Mukarobgwa, Charles Femando, Kinsley Sambo

13. THE SCULPTORS OF ZIMBABWE: ARTISTS WITH AN OLD LEGACY 158
Frank McEwen, Sylvester Mubayi, Joseph Ndandarika [sample], John Takawira, Henry Munyaradzi, Amani, Joram Mariga, Nicholas Mukomberanwa, Makiwa Chimoyo, Boira Mteki, Paul Gwichiri, Bernard Manyandure

VI Testament 169

14. SOUTH AFRICAN ARTISTS SPEAK FOR THE VOICELESS 171
Athol Fugard, Julian Motau, Winston Saoli, Cyprian Shilakoe, Lucas Sithole, Sidney Kurnalo, Louis Maqhubela, Mslaba Dumile Geelboi Mgxaji Feni, Vumikosi Zulu, Eric Mbatha, John Muafangejo, Gavin Jantjes, Tito Zungu

AFTERWORD: CONFLUENCES 184
NOTES 186
BIBLIOGRAPHY 194
INDEX 201